In older adults, treatment for coronary artery disease may only temporarily halt the progression of frailty. However, a healthy lifestyle may impact whether they will become frail at all.
These separate studies were published recently in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.
In the first study, a single-center investigation conducted by Elizabeth Freiheit, PhD, and colleagues from the University of Calgary in Canada, results suggest that frailty tended to improve 6 months after, then worsen at 12 and 30 months (P<0.001) after receiving treatment for coronary artery disease.
In addition, the researchers note that patients over age 75 got more frail sooner—within 6 months of coronary artery bypass grafting and medical therapy and after 6 months with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to MedPage Today.
The second study was conducted by Auxiliadora Graciani, MD, and colleages from Universidad Autónoma de Madrid in Spain among more than 1,700 participants age 60 and older without pre-existing cardiovascular disease.
According to the study results, the participants who met two of the seven health metrics—never smoking; being physically active; consuming a healthy diet; and having a body mass index under 25 kg/m2, a cholesterol level under 200 mg/dL, a blood pressure under 140/90 mm Hg, and a fasting serum glucose under 100 mg/dL—had about half the risk of frailty as those who met no more than one of those criteria over a mean follow-up of 3.5 years, according to MedPage Today.
[Source: MedPage Today]