An article recently published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise found that males with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) demonstrated different mechanics while running and performing a single leg squat than females with the same condition. The authors of the study analyzed the gait cycle and single leg squat movement in a group of 18 female and male runners with PFPS, in addition to 18 male runners without knee pain.
The results of the study showed that more men with this pain condition ran and squatted with an increased knee adduction and external rotation than men without knee pain. In addition, the male runners with knee pain also demonstrated less hip adduction but more peak knee adduction than female runners with PFPS. The authors of the study concluded that these differences in mechanics between the male and female groups warrant that treatments for PFPS be gender specific.
However, Mike Reinold, PT, DPT, SCS, ATC, CSCS, believes that gender should not be a leading influence on treatment protocols. He explains that treatment should be focused on the findings of an assessment that evaluates things such as injury history, muscle imbalances, and specific movement patterns. Though there may be gender-based biomechanical differences according to this study, Reinold asserts that a proper evaluation should be performed for each patient to provide the appropriate treatment.
Source: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise